With ambitious goals and a push from the central government several states in India are now expediting the implementation of net-metering regulations for rooftop solar power systems; the latest one is the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
The Jammu & Kashmir Energy Development Agency (JAKEDA) has issued a draft policy document on net-metering implementation in the state. According to the draft, projects between the capacity size of 1 kW and 500 kW would be eligible under the scheme.
The benefits of net-metering will be available on first-come-first-served basis until the target capacity is achieved. Self-owned as well as third-party owned power systems shall be eligible under the scheme. Some state agencies shall be eligible to set up projects with capacity more than 500 kW, however, the actual mechanism for their implementation and tariff has not been specified.
As per the targets allocated by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy to various Indian states, Jammu & Kashmir should have an installed rooftop solar power capacity of 450 MW by March 2022.
Rooftop solar power systems gain importance in the mountainous state of Jammu & Kashmir as the technical and financial cost of setting up large-scale solar power projects and the associated transmission lines is too high. The central government had planned one of the largest solar power parks in the country in the district of Ladakh. The project has now been scrapped as the transmission utility expressed concerns about the financial viability of setting up transmission lines in the remote and hilly region.
India has set a target to have 100 GW of solar capacity operational by April 2022, including a target of 40 GW for rooftop solar power systems. The country recently achieved an installed rooftop solar power capacity of 1 GW.