On December 30, at 1445 UTC the GOES-13 satellite captured a “full-disk image” of North and South America, showing cloud cover associated with low pressure areas over the upper Midwestern United States and Colorado’s Rocky Mountains.
NASA’s GOES project is run out of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Centre in Greenbelt, Maryland, and has had a busy year monitoring weather patterns across the United States. GOES – the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite – has two specific satellites; 13, which monitors the eastern continental United States Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, while GOES-11 monitors weather conditions over the western U.S. and the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
This year GOES-13 was very busy, watching 19 named storms develop in the Atlantic and tying for third with two other years – 1995 and 1887 – as having the largest number of named storms, and tying with two other seasons – 1969 and 1887 – as having the second largest number of hurricanes with 12.
GOES-11 on the other hand had a quiet year, as a La Niña event which becalmed the Pacific hurricane season making it the least active season on record in terms of the number of named storms and hurricanes.
GOES-12 is currently located 60°W over South America while GOES 14 is in On-Orbit Storage at 105°W and GOES-15 is on Standby 89.5°W (source).