Oregon this summer became the first state to enact in law a product stewardship law for the collection of leftover consumer paint. The pilot program, which expires in 2014, involves a consumer fee that a nonprofit organization established by paint producers uses to pay for the collection and proper disposal or reuse of the leftover paint.
Why does it matter? Because about 10% of all paint sold in the U.S, or 64 million gallons a year, becomes leftover. With no convenient options for reprocessing the paint, consumers may dispose of it in trash or pour it down floor drains or into storm sewers. Some paints include hazardous ingredients and many states and localities treat leftover paint as a household hazardous waste. The Product Stewardship Institute estimates it costs municipalities approximately $500 million annually to handle leftover paint.
The first legislature to approve legislation to create a pilot paint stewardship program was Minnesota’s, where passage happened in both 2008 and 2009, but Gov. Tim Pawlenty vetoed it both times because of the consumer fee the bill created. Consumers and businesses in Minnesota generate an estimated 3 million gallons of leftover paint each year. The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency says up to 60% by volume of household hazardous wastes in the state are leftover paint. A company in Fridley, Minnesota is filling part of the void by turning leftover paint into a product that it says is comparable in quality to new paint.
While states experiment with stewardship and other extended producer responsibility programs, paint industry guidelines for management of leftover paint encourage disposal of oil-based paint through local hazardous waste collections, while latex paint can be solidified before disposal in trash. Consumers are also urged to buy only the amount of paint they need for a project.
Photo credit: Greene County, Ohio Environmental Services.