Solar Cooling Panels Could Cut Air Conditioning Use Considerably

  • Published on April 17th, 2013

Editor’s Note: Thought solar panels were just useful for creating electricity or heat for hot water? Apparently not. Stanford researchers have found a way to create “solar cooling panels” or “radiative cooling panels” that shoot heat away from the building. According to the researchers, just covering 10% of a roof covered by these solar cooling panels could result in a 35% cut in a typical house’s electricity bill. Here’s more from sister site CleanTechnica:

A completely new type of cooling panel capable of vastly outperforming previous forms has been created by researchers at Stanford University. The new structure works to radiate significant amounts of sunlight back into space even in full sunlight.

cooling solar panel
Image Credits: Norbert von der Groeben

To explain the breakthrough in specific terms: “a typical one-story, single-family house with just 10 percent of its roof covered by radiative cooling panels could offset 35 percent its entire air conditioning needs during the hottest hours of the summer.”

Can you imagine homes and buildings cooled significantly without the use of air conditioners? It’s a compelling thought.

As the press release from Stanford University’s Engineering site states it, “Tapping the frigid expanses of outer space to cool the planet. Science fiction, you say? Well, maybe not any more.”

“People usually see space as a source of heat from the sun, but away from the sun outer space is really a cold, cold place,” says Shanhui Fan, professor of electrical engineering and the paper’s senior author. “We’ve developed a new type of structure that reflects the vast majority of sunlight, while at the same time it sends heat into that coldness, which cools humanmade structures even in the day time.”

The engineering “trick” that makes this possible is the crossing of an important thresh-hold. The reflector needs to be effective enough that it absorbs only a very low minimum of sunlight, and avoids heating up at all as a result.

The other important factor is that the structure needs to be very efficient at radiating heat back into outer space. “Thus, the structure must emit thermal radiation very efficiently within a specific wavelength range in which the atmosphere is nearly transparent. Outside this range, Earth’s atmosphere simply reflects the light back down.” You’re probably already familiar with this effect, it’s commonly known as the greenhouse effect.

The new cooling panel, made from nano-structured quartz and silicon carbide, fulfills both of these requirements. It’s very effective at reflecting most sunlight, while also very effectively emitting thermal radiation in the wavelength range necessary to escape the Earth’s atmosphere.

“We’ve taken a very different approach compared to previous efforts in this field,” said Aaswath Raman, a doctoral candidate in Fan’s lab and a co-first-author of the paper. “We combine the thermal emitter and solar reflector into one device, making it both higher performance and much more robust and practically relevant. In particular, we’re very excited because this design makes viable both industrial-scale and off-grid applications.”

The specifics of the device are detailed in a paper published in the journal Nano Letters.

Keep up to date with all the most interesting green news on the planet by subscribing to our (free) Planetsave newsletter.

About the Author

's background is predominantly in geopolitics and history, but he has an obsessive interest in pretty much everything. After an early life spent in the Imperial Free City of Dortmund, James followed the river Ruhr to Cofbuokheim, where he attended the University of Astnide. And where he also briefly considered entering the coal mining business. He currently writes for a living, on a broad variety of subjects, ranging from science, to politics, to military history, to renewable energy. You can follow his work on Google+.
  • wideEyedPupil

    So if it is covering only 10% of a roof space it must be absorbing heat from the other 90% of the roof to account for a 35% reduction in cooling costs. No details in the story state this let alone explain it!

  • wideEyedPupil

    So if it is covering only 10% of a roof space it must be absorbing heat from the other 90% of the roof to account for a 35% reduction in cooling costs. No details in the story state this let alone explain it!