Animals Snowy_Owl_-_Schnee-Eule

Published on April 3rd, 2012 | by Michael Ricciardi

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Animal News Round-Up: Snowy Owls Everywhere, Test Chimps & iPad Apes, A New Urban Frog & A Speedy Robotic Cheetah [VIDEOS]

April 3rd, 2012 by


snowy owl by Connormah

There’s always some important or interesting animal news to be found out there….but one can hardly report on all of it. I tend to collect such items, and cull from them those I deem most ‘intriguing’, based upon some half-unconscious criteria…Some, of course, you may have heard about (perhaps already read), others you may have missed entirely…

And so, I offer you, dear readers, an intellectual grab-bag of important and/or intriguing animal news goodies…to wit:

Flapping to America: An ‘Irruption’ of Snowy Owls

The mostly white (sometimes with brown spotted plumage) Arctic-residing owls are migrating into the U.S — from coast to coast — by the thousands; numbers not seen before, in many areas. Speculation is rife as to the cause of this migratory ‘irruption’…but no one has an authoritative explanation, yet. My guess? Well,  large populations of birds migrating well outside their normal ranges, tend to do so to  find ample food source(s).  But climate change throws animal nature curve. Read the details in this NY Times piece and ponder the mystery for yourself: Bird-Watchers Revel in Unusual Spike in Snowy Owl Sightings.

A Chimp Test Ban? The Case for Semi-Retirement of Bio-Medical Research Apes

A recent report by the Institute of Medicine concludes “most current biomedical research use of chimpanzees is not necessary, though made clear that it is impossible to predict whether research on emerging or new diseases may necessitate chimpanzees in the future. “

HAM the astrochimp

Ham the Astrochimp before being inserted into the Mercury-Redstone 2 capsule in 1961.

Renowned primatologist Frans de Waal (who presented the final lecture at the annual Science / AAAS meeting this past Feb. in Vancouver, B.C.), makes the case for research chimp retirement, while still leaving room for their use in behavioral, cognitive and genetics research (the latter research presumably using hair sampling or simple blood draws). Check out the PLoS Biology article Research Chimpanzees May Get a Break

Aping Human – Orangutans Put iPads to Creative, Social Use

When it comes to using the iPad to make one’s life more stimulating, who says Apple’s newest gizmo is just for one type of primate? Orangutans (my favorite ape and a critically endangered one, like most apes in the wild) have shown remarkable abilities including self-awareness and bipedalism. But who would have thought them so intrigued by a gadget designed for their primate cousins (and I don’t mean gorillas, who showed no interest in the darned things)? And who decided to give the apes the Apple device in the first place?

Well, it’s all part of conservation group Orangutan Outreach ‘s ‘Apps for Apes’ project to ameliorate the boredom and social stunting that can happen to the apes during long winters spent indoors (fun fact: dolphins were the first non-human animals to be formally “tested” with iPads). Check out this fascinating video (and see more videos on this site):

A (New) Leopard Frog in New York City

When one hears about a new species being discovered, one tends to also hear of remote locales and ‘biological hot spots’ in which they are typically found. But sometimes,  a new species is found right under one’s nose, or, if you live in the Big Apple, in Yankee Stadium, which is the center of the leopard frog’s habitat range. Tracking down the urban frog by its unique croak, biologists were able to find the frog (actually, four different populations of frogs)  and conduct genetic analysis to determine/verify its unique species status.

northern leopard frog  “Analyses revealed that the four unknown populations collectively form a novel genetic lineage, which represents a previously undescribed cryptic leopard frog species.” (source: paper abstract).

Full results appear in the journal Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. (Newman et al)., under the title (via Science DirectA new species of leopard frog (Anura: Ranidae) from the urban northeastern U.S.‘  See also the Sci Am podcast : Frog Species Found in Big Apple

Robotic Cheetah Sets Land Speed Record (for a Robot with Legs, That Is)

D.A.R.P.A. (the research arm of the DOD) has certainly funded some pretty bizarre and fanciful projects in its history. But a robotic cheetah — part of DARPA’s Maximum Mobility and Manipulation Program, and developed by Boston Dynamics, Corp — just might take the cake, or, run away with the cake (if only it hand hands). Though roughly approximating a human’s top speed (less than a fourth of a real cheetah’s top speed), 18 mph is never-the-less a remarkable and record-setting achievement for bio-mimetic ‘legged robots’. This video shows a demonstration of the “Cheetah” robot galloping (what appears to be backwards) at speeds of up to 18 miles per hour (mph).

 

 

Photos: (snowy owl) Connormah (Diberri

 


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About the Author

Michael Ricciardi is a well-published writer of science/nature/technology articles as well as essays, poetry and short fiction. Michael has interviewed dozen of scientists from many scientific fields, including Brain Greene, Paul Steinhardt, Arthur Shapiro, and Nobel Laureate Ilya Progogine (deceased). Michael was trained as a naturalist and taught natural science on Cape Cod, Mass. from 1986-1991. His first arts grant was for production of the environmental (video) documentary 'The Jones River - A Natural History', 1987-88 (Kingston, Mass.). Michael is an award winning, internationally screened video artist. Two of his more recent short videos; 'A Time of Water Bountiful' and 'My Name is HAM' (an "imagined memoir" about the first chimp in space), and several other short videos, can be viewed on his website (http://www.chaosmosis.net). He is also the author of the ebook 'Zombies, E.T's, and The Super Entity - A Selection of Most Stimulating Articles' and for Kindle: Artful Survival ~ Creative Options for Chaotic Times



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